The University of Oxford, founded in 1096, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world as well as the second oldest surviving university.
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University of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209 and is a collegiate public research institution. It is the world’s fourth-oldest surviving university.
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University of Perugia
Founded in 1308, the University of Perugia is one of the early public universities. It was immediately recognized by Pope Clement V.
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Sapienza University of Rome
The Sapienza University of Rome was founded in 1303 and has its fair share of Nobel laureate alumni and professors.
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Complutense University of Madrid
The Complutense University of Madrid, which was founded in 1293, is the largest and one of the most prestigious universities in Spain.
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University of Coimbra
200 years after the first university was established in Portugal, the University of Coimbra came into existence. In fact, this university is awarded a place in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2013.
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University of Macerata
The University of Macerata, which was established in 1290, is located in the Marche region of Macerata in central Italy.
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University of Valladolid
The University of Valladolid was established in the year 1241. It was founded in what has now transformed into an autonomous region of Castile and Léon.
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University of Siena
Established in the year 1240, the University of Siena had only 20,000 students in 2006, making up almost half of the town’s population.
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University of Padua
Established in 1222, the University of Padua owes its existence to the University of Bologna, as those teachers and students who felt ideologically restricted broke off the latter and created this new institution.
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University of Salamanca
The University of Salamanca was founded in 1164 in a place that eventually became Spain. Though the teachings began sometime in 1094, it was officially recognized by the king of Léon in 1164.
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University of Bologna
The University of Bologna was granted its official status in 1158, but its origins can be traced back to 1088.
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University of Paris
The University of Paris, also known as Sorbonne, was founded in 1150 and was officially chartered in 1200 by King Philip II of France.
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University of St. Andrews
This is Scotland’s oldest university and was founded between 1410 and 1413, which is half a century after the second Scottish War of Independence.
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University of Vienna
This is one of the oldest German-speaking universities and has more than 90,000 students in the winter semester of 2018/19, which is also the largest by enrolment.
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It is the oldest university in Germany and was established in 1386. It has about 30,000 students, representing about a fifth of the town’s population.
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Uppsala University was founded in 1477 and is located in the small city of Stockholm, Sweden. This university embodies student life in Sweden.
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University of Copenhagen
This university was established in 1479 and is one of the most prestigious in Denmark. It is also the largest institution in the country.
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Vilnius University is 500 years old and is the oldest university in Lithuania, in fact, in all three Baltic states.
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This university was established in the year 970 AD in Cairo, Egypt. However, it did not acquire the university status until 1961.
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University of Pisa
This university was established in 1343 in Italy by an edict of Pope Clement VI, and lectures were conducted in Pisa since the 11th century.
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This university was established in 1348 in Prague, Czech Republic. Three of the four faculties were closed in 1419 and later merged with Prague Jesuit University
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University of Pavia
The University of Pavia was established in 1361 in Italy. However, it was closed for short periods during the Italian wars, Napoleonic wars, and Revolutions of 1848.
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This university was founded in 1364 in Poland by Casimir the Great. However, it was temporarily shut owing to the Nazi Invasion but reopened within a month after the liberation of the city.
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University of Turin
The University of Turin was founded in 1404 in Italy by the Prince “Louis of Piedmont” during the reign of Amadeus VIII.
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University of Leipzig
Founded in 1409 by Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, Leipzig University is the second-oldest in Germany.
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University of Glasgow
Founded by papal bull in 1451, it is a public research university in Glasgow, Scotland and is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world.
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University of Barcelona
Located in the city of Barcelona, Spain, this public university provides 73 undergraduate, 273 post-graduate, and 48 doctorate programs to over 63,000 students a year.
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University of Rostock
The University of Rostock was established in 1419 in Germany during the Reformation period. It was closed in 1523 but reopened by 1551.
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University of Catania
Founded in 1434, this university the 13th oldest in Italy and 29th oldest in the world.
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University of Genoa
Also known as UniGe, the University of Genoa is one of the largest in Italy. It is was originally founded in 1481.
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University of Aberdeen
The University of Aberdeen is Scotland’s third oldest and the UK’s fifth oldest university. It was founded in 1495 by William Elphinstone.
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University of Valencia
Established in 1499, the University of Valencia is one of the oldest surviving universities in Spain.
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University of Santiago de Compostela
Dating back to 1495, this university consists of 30 centres, nearly 80 departments and more than 60 degrees.
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University of Graz
Founded in 1585 by Archduke Charles II, the University of Graz is the second oldest in Austria.
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University of Tartu
Founded in 1632 by Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus, the University of Tartu was initially called Academia Dorpatensis.
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University of Helsinki
It is ranked as the best in Finland and the fourth-best Nordic university.
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University of Lille
It is one of the largest French-speaking universities in the world and offers 23 courses in English.
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Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
Popularly known as MLU, this university was formed in 1817 when the University of Wittenberg merged with Friedrichs University Halle.
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University of Malta
Established in 1769, this prestigious university comprises 14 faculties and 18 interdisciplinary institutes, and 13 centers.
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University of Oslo
Since its foundation in 1811 till 1939, the University of Oslo was known as the Royal Frederick University, i.e., Universitas Regia Fredericiana.
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University of Edinburgh
Established in 1582, the University of Edinburgh is the sixth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and is the eighth-largest university in the UK by enrolment.